I need help identifying a shrub, how best to shape/prune it, and
when. Please see the attached photo (right). It's about four feet
tall and the goal is two feet. - M.R. -
(This article could certainly use a Sponsor, perhaps a rose lover!)
That's a mop false cypress. Could be the green variety, or one
of the gold forms (they don't develop much color in shade).
Cut it back as you would a juniper. That means you can cut as
far down as there is green within -- falsecypress does not bud out
readily from leafless wood.
When we want a plant to respond with lots of new growth, as in
this case, we prune shortly before budbreak in spring. That
capitalizes on the plants' natural growth cycle and is also good
for us in this case. We mean, we're less likely to be fired because
people tend to forget each spring which plants' twigs should be
bare, and which leafy. Thus they overlook what we've cut back. By
the time they take notice and wonder "what happened," the delay in
growth our cuts imposed, is ending and the plant's leafing out all
That said, you can cut these plants at any time.
Below: This plant truly is a dwarf compared to its
parent species. The parent, called the Sawara falsecypress, can top
100'. However, that doesn't mean the dwarf is small in human terms.
These two 'Mops' are close to 5' tall and nowhere near done
growing. To keep such a plant small, and shaggy, and gold, and
healthy is do-able but takes thinking. If the plants are already
overgrown or unhealthy (as in deep shade) it also requires some
guts, to make the first cuts.
Above, right: These two plants
are also the dwarf variety
'Mops' but we've been keeping them small by cutting
them every year or two, in August, as we describe here.
Start to finish photos
Here's the whole story in photos. We recently declared a group
of that falsecypress variety to be rehabilitated, after following
the regime for two years that we're describing here for you.
Below: Here are the shrubs two years ago in early April --
three gold mop falsecypresses in the foreground, three dwarf globe
arborvitaes beyond. The same pruning techniques apply to both.
We've already begun pruning, so the falsecypress in the center of
the frame has already been pruned; moments before, it looked like
the one in the lower left corner. But we'll come back to that.
(Please pardon shadows and perspective shifts in this sequence. As
gardeners first, reporters second we must work when the work needs
doing, shoot when we can, and leave it to luck to put together a
series like this. This time, the angles shift and the lighting was
more often good for gardening than for photography, but the process
and progression are both visible.)
These shrubs have lost their laciness and natural roundness to
repeated shearing, which also caused all foliage to become
concentrated at the top of weak branches. Our goal was to keep them
small but improve the shape, texture and foliage density -- which
will keep them healthier, too.
Below: Look for it on the arb to the left of Janet and you
can see the twigs are belted with string.
Beginning density is the limiter
We start by checking how far into the interior there is new
leafy growth. (To see that look illustrated: We've just done this
on a dwarf blue spruce, another plant pruned the same way. We will
probably have added that photo by now to Dwarf cut to
size.) On species that don't break from old wood, density
is our limiter. These plants worried us, as their interior growth
was pretty weak. Yet given the options 'cut and see', or 'take them
out and start over,' cutting was our choice.
Next, we cut everything down and in to the desired, minus a bit
to allow for the year's growth.
Then, cut to promote growth deeper within the plant. Cut about
half the branches far enough back to give each cut limb one or two
years to grow before it reaches the point where you'll cut it
again. Reach in along each branch and cut to just above a side
branch with decent foliage. If there is no greenery on a given
branch that deep into the plant, then cut that branch all the way
out of the picture.
Comparing the next two photos: The more drastic the
reduction, the more noticeable the change will be in the first
year. Pretty scary here, huh? However, those that need the hardest
cut also need to be done sooner rather than later.
Above, and enlarged below: The arrow points to one of the
branches Janet's cut back by a couple years' growth.
Below: Now here they are, just cut back.
Sure, you can say "Ugh." Or you can recognize how much light is
now reaching the tiny nibs and scraggly branchlets we left in the
shrubs' interiors. We rely on spring's amazing power to pull lots
of growth from there.
Below: Which spring did do. Here they are 3 months later. At
the arrow (right photo) you can see some of the bare twigs still
being covered over.
Below, left: One year after the first cut, with (right) an inset
of the first photo to make comparison simpler for you.
Below: 18 months after the first cut. They're ready to resume
normal pruning, once every year or two in August.
Interested in rose pruning and care? Then you may have noticed the
other players in this sequence. As always in the real world, there
are additional stories to be told. Of the groundcover roses' story,
we can talk another time.