Gardener harnesses cellular drive and gravity!

The plant knows the way:

Our job's mainly to hold back the competition while the plant follows its nature.



This diagram is on temporary loan from our magazine, Trees, a collection of help for choosing, planting and caring for trees.

All of our work, including the contents of Trees magazine, will be available on  We have posted over 800 articles there so far, an estimated 25% of our archives. Each remaining piece is important to us as a block in our library, essential because we have adhered for over 20 years to a "no repeat" policy as we write. Before we post the magazines we're posting items which are not available elsewhere. In the interim, please purchase a magazine to keep this operation moving forward.

More on training leaders, deciduous trees

Photos in Reduce a Spruce; diagram, in the Forum